中国文化关键词

一、四大发明:The four great inventions of ancient china

1、火药 gunpowder

2、印刷术 printing

3、造纸术 paper-making

4、指南针 compass

二、中国古代哲学家

1、孟子Confucius

2、孟子 Mencius

3、老子 Lao Tzu

4、庄子 Chuang Tzu

5、墨子 MoTzu

6、孙子 sun Tzu

三、四书:The four books

1.大学 the great learning

2.中庸 the doctrine of Mean

3.论语 the analects of Confucius

4.孟子 the Mencius

四、书法五大书体

1.篆书seal script;seal character

2.隶书 official script;clerical

script

3.行书 running script;semi-cursive

script

4.草书 cursive script

5.楷书 regular script;standard

script

五、六艺 the six classical arts

1.礼 rites

2.乐 music

3.射 archery

4.御 riding

5.书 writing

6.数 arithmetic

六、汉字 Chinese character

1.汉字笔画 stroke

2.偏旁部首 radical

3.书写体系 writing system

4.汉藏语系 Sino-Tibetan

5.汉学家 sinologist;Sinologue

6.中国热 Sino mania

7.同宗同源 of the same origin

8.华夏祖先 the Chinese characters

9.单音节 single syllable

10.声调 tone

11.阳平,阴平,上声,去声 level tone、

rising tone、falling tone、

falling-rising tone、falling tone

七、武术 the martial arts

1.中国武术 KongFu

2.武术门派 schools of martial arts

3.习武健身 practice martial arts

for fitness

4.古代格斗术 ancient form of combat

5.中国武术协会Chinese martial art

association

6.武林高手 top martial artist

7.气功 qigong,deep breathing

exercises

8.柔道 judo

9.空手道 karate

10.跆拳道 tae kwon do

11.拳击 boxing

12.摔跤 wrestling

13.即将 fencing

14.武侠小说 tales of roving knights;

Kung Fu novels

八、中国文学作品 Chinese literary works

1.三国演义 three kingdoms

2.西游记 journey to the west

3.红楼梦 dream of the red mansions

4.山海经 the classic of mountains

and rivers

5.资治通鉴 history as a mirror

http://www.fobl2011.comprehensive history retold as a

mirror for rulers

7.西厢记 the romance of west

chamber

8.水浒传 heroes of the mashes;tales

of the water margin

9.聊斋志异 strange tales of a

lonely studio

10.围城 fortress besieged

11.阿Q正传 the true story of Ah Q

12.春秋 the spring and autumn annals

13.史记 historical records

14.诗经 the book of songs

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